How does California define what an electric bike is?

Per the California (CA) Vehicle Code, electric bicycles are classified as conventional bicycles. Electric bikes must not exceed 1000W and must not exceed 20 mph on level ground. Electric bikes motors must disengage when brake functions are applied and use a switch or mechanism that, when released, will cause motor function to cease.

Do you need a license, insurance or registration in California?

Electric bike operators do not need to be licensed. Electric bikes may only be operated by persons aged 16 years and older. Electric bikes do not need to be licensed or registered.

What are the laws around helmets in California?

Under California state law, anyone under the age of 18 must wear a helmet.

What are the rules for riding on the roads in California?

Electric bikes may be ridden on roads as far right as practical.  Electric bikes are not allowed on dedicated bike paths unless the path runs adjacent to a roadway or is posted to allow motorized bicycles.

Disclaimer:

Laws and policies can change at any time rendering the above information outdated and non-applicable. EVELO strongly encourages checking with City, County, State and other local agencies for the most recent laws governing the proper, legal use of electric bicycles in your area.

Sources:

https://visforvoltage.org/book-page/ev-collaborative-hand-books/1080-electric-bicycle-laws

http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes.xhtml